Types of Dentures

What are Complete Dentures?

complete-denture_800x481Complete Dentures are required when a person has no natural teeth. These dentures are made to fit the individual’s mouth and rely solely on suction for the upper denture and gravity for the lower denture, to hold them in. The amount of suction achieved for an upper denture depends on a number of different factors; most importantly the amount, shape and height of the ridge that remains after the natural teeth have been removed. When our teeth are removed the ridge and the gum surrounding it begins to shrink at a significant rate, slowing once the healing process is completed but continuing until the day we die!

Not all mouths were created equal, and some ridges are more difficult than others to make dentures on. Dental Prosthetist, Peter Topalov will ensure that you are well informed about treatment options, procedures and the costs involved in making your new dentures.

As a result, making your dentures involves more than a simple consultation and picking up of your new dentures. It involves several appointments which will ensure that the fit of your dentures are just right. A “Try In” appointment lets you see what your dentures will look like, thus ensuring you are happy with the colour, shape and overall appearance of your new teeth. We encourage you to bring along a friend for this appointment to get their opinion of your new look.

What are Partial Dentures?

partial-chrome_800x539A partial denture is used when there are still one or more natural teeth left in the mouth. There are a number of styles and types of partial dentures, some of which have no visible clasps and are virtually undetectable. The number of teeth remaining, the position and the stability of the teeth are only a few of the factors that help determine which style or type of partial denture would be best for you.

Partial dentures can be made of different materials:

Acrylic partials dentures are primarily used when there are few natural teeth remaining as these dentures can be easily added onto if more natural teeth need to be extracted and converted into a full denture. They are also a good option as transitional or temporary replacement of missing teeth while awaiting implants.

The metal/acrylic partial is a stronger type of denture. The metal chrome-cobalt alloy can be thin, light and very strong. These partial dentures replace natural teeth without feeling too big and bulky.

The flexible plastic (Valplast) partial dentures are made without wires and therefore offer advantages of aesthetics and flexibility.

All partials are designed to be removable and should be removed nightly to contribute to a healthy oral environment.

 The benefits of partials are that they do not harm remaining natural teeth. A partial denture may prevent your natural teeth from shifting or drifting into the space left by the loss of a natural tooth. With a partial denture, you’ll look better, feel better and chew better.

What are Immediate Dentures?

Immediate dentures are inserted immediately after the removal of teeth. To make this possible, the dental prosthetist takes measurements and makes the models of the patient’s jaws while natural teeth are still in position, during a preliminary visit prior to extraction. An advantage of immediate dentures is that the wearer does not have to be without teeth during the healing period. However, bones and gums can shrink over time, especially during the period of healing in the first six months after the removal of teeth. When gums shrink, immediate dentures may require rebasing or relining to fit properly.

What are implants?

implants-in-model-1An implant is a thin titanium rod that is inserted into your jawbone in place of a missing tooth root. It is used as a secure fixed base for dentures. Over time that implant integrates with the bone tissues in your jaw and functions just like a natural tooth root. You must have healthy gums and a thick enough jawbone to be able to have implants fitted.

What are Implant Retained Dentures?

There are a variety of reasons why people may not be able to wear a traditional removable denture. Losing your teeth leads to bone loss if they are not replaced. If a substantial amount of bone loss occurs, the lower jawbone may not be able to support a denture. Inserting two implants into the lower jawbone provides a solid foundation for a denture that otherwise a patient may not have been able to wear.

Advantages of implant retained dentures are:

  • They are much more secure and comfortable than traditional removable denture
  • Your ability to eat and speak will be greatly improved
  • Implants prevent the bone loss that occurs when you have missing teeth, allowing your facial structure to be maintained
  • The lip support provided by implants will reduce the amount of wrinkles you get around your mouth.

Our Process

1

Consultation

Sit down with our qualified prosthetist Peter Topalov and see how he can help you.

2

Impressions/Bite Registration

We take an exact mould of your mouth to ensure the prosthetics are a perfect fit. We use wax contour models to locate your bite.

3

Try In Stage

Based on your mould, we design realistic prosthetics that are comfortable and functional. We achieve this by setting the denture teeth on a wax mould where you can see what the final denture will look like.

4

Final Stage

This is when your denture is fitted and checked. Some minute adjustments may be necessary to help you adapt to your new dentures.

5

Postcheck

Our services don't end when you leave the chair. We encourage all our clients to come in for regular checkups.

Contact Us

To begin the process